This is a visual summary of the hypothetical recruitment by the Roman Legions of a man of the E-V13 haplogroup and E-BY4793 subclade, born in the Balkans early in the first millennium and assigned to military duty in the area that has often been referred to as Swabia. It is adapted from the The Timeline at Family Tree DNA with the addition of our notes highlighting the most active period of Roman recruitment in the Balkans and the earliest known male lineage ancestors of related Y-DNA test subjects.
Note that while the common ancestor to these test subjects who migrated to Swabia, possibly arriving with the Roman Legions, would likely have been in subclade E-BY4793, there is a chance (perhaps about 1 in 10) that the E-BY165986 mutation occurred among that migrant’s recent ancestors or at his own conception before leaving the Balkans. This 10% is a rough estimate, considering that the variant could have occurred very early within the probability interval assigned by Family Tree DNA and rather late in the period of Roman recruitment in the Balkans. Moreover, while all of the identified ancestors in Swabia must have carried the E-BY165986 variant, this does not preclude the possibility that other lineages, with as yet unidentified mutations, might have branched off after the migration to Swabia but before this E-BY165986 mutations occurred. Future Y-DNA testing might show this to be the case.
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